Artillery Units

1st Florida Artillery, US

Also known as Sheldon's Mule Battery, U.S.

1st Sgt. Thomas Van Dyke

(1st Florida Artillery Battery - Cannon Owner and Chief of the Piece)

Location: Sarasota Area and on the Florida Gulf coast (Central Florida)

Information: Florida 1st Battery Light Artillery is an Independent Company, Field, Mounted (Cannoneers being on foot or riding on the team of horses and on the wheeled Limbers and Caissons) Gun Detachment and Platoon. We Field a Model 1841 12 Pounder Mountain-Howitzer cannon. When our Mountain Howitzer is attached to the 4th Brigade, it may be In Battery or may also serve as Infantry Support (as a Battalion Gun) when ordered. in the event of "capture," It serves as Florida 1st Regiment Light Artillery Company B, C.S. (Dykes Company, Florida Light Artillery).

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Unit History: Raised at the Warrington Outpost of Fort Barrancas, in Escambia Co., Florida during 1863 around the same time as Florida 1st Cavalry, U.S. under the command of Brigadier General Alexander Asboth. Florida 1st Battery Light Artillery, U.S. has a documented history and was also known as Sheldon's Mule Battery, because there were a shortage of horses in Pensacola for this battery and two companies of Cavalry.

This independent battery formed by recruiting local Unionist Volunteers harassed by Secessionist neighbors and Confederate States Conscription deserters from the surrounding areas of Alabama, Georgia and Florida. The reputation of the 1st Cavalry was blemished by a particular 2nd Lt Joseph G. Sanders who commanded Company F manned with notorious "Scalawags" and "Bushwackers," leading to the branding of most Yankees at Pensacola as such or worse by the locals.

It is not known what guns the 1st Florida Artillery actually used. For smooth bores, the Light Artillery mostly used a combination of two Model 1841 12 Pdr. Field Howitzers and either four 6 Pdr. Smooth Bore Guns or four 24 Pdr. Howitzers. Ours, being the light model of the Howitzers, is used to depict the 12 Pdr. Howitzer in action at reenactments regardless of tube length. when on expedition, either the Full Battery or a two gun Section would have been detached with a Cavalry or Infantry Force. In the 1st Florida Artillery's U.S. case, we presume the Field Howitzers were available . The 2nd and 3rd Brigade Columns, based out of Pensacola, were formed from combining the Florida 1st Regiment Cavalry and other Garrison units stationed at Fort Barrancas as a Battalion for offensive operations.

From Dyer's Compendium:

July 21-25, 1864 Expedition from Barrancas toward Pollard, Ala

July 22, 1864 Action, Camp Gonzales

August 13-14, 1864 Expedition from Fort Barrancas

August 29, 1864 Expedition from Barrancas to Marianna

Oct 18, 1864 Skirmish, Pierce's Point near Milton

October 18-31, 1864 Operations in West Florida

Provenance of The Gun:

Approximately 400 - 500 Model 1841 12 Pdr. Mountain Howitzers served in the War Between the States. The Union Fielded the majority of them. the Confederacy Fielded at least 25 made at the Tredegar Iron Works in Richmond and a number of captured pieces.

The 1860's cost was around $150 U.S. and was In production from 1841 through 1870. It was General John Gibbon's (author of the Artillerist's Manual) favorite gun and Generals John Hunt MOrgan, John S. Mosby and Nathan Bedford Forrest used them, the former called them his Bull (Dog) Pups. They were highly mobile as Horse Artillery (all cannoneers rode horses to keep pace with the Cavalry) and were employed as "Flying" Artillery as First promoted by Major Samuel Ringgold with Light 6 Pounders during the Mexican War.

It is believed this particular gun could have been First ordered cast by one of the Grand Army of the Republic (G.A.R.) Posts in Lynn Haven, Fla. (Panama City) circa 1920's as Signal Gun (Ceremonial Salute Firings.

It became forgotten while left in storage for many years.

Upon rediscovery, it eventually came under a Panama City Reenactor's ownership. There is an early photo of a very good resemblance of this gun from a Reenactment of the Battle of Olustee, during what could be the late 1970's or early 1980's. It shows a Confederate Battery a Line of Artillery. Olustee's First Annual Reenactment dates back to 1981. If it was in their possession for up to 23 years, that may have started around 1978.

Longtime Reenactor and Sutler Seventh Owner, R. Scott Anderson, purchased the piece in 2001. During his ownership, It served alongside Florida 7th Infantry Reenacting Company K and was known as 6th Battalion Co. B (Light Artillery). He added his 12 Flag Streamers to the National Flag coming from is Reenacting Infantry Service from 1989 through 1994.

He Fielded it as Florida Independent (Light) Artillery, Co. B, C.S. and latter transferred to over to the 4th Brigade U.S. as 1st Florida Artillery, (Sheldon's Mule Battery). Christened as "Charlotte, The Harlot."

It was recently purchased by Tom & Dawn Spakowski-Van Dyke in February 2019. She has been re-christened as "Esther Mae" for his Dear Mom, an avid Antebellum History Enthusiast.

Tom started reenacting in 1991 as Infantry and has two ancestors who fought in the War in the Infantry from the 10th and 48th Indiana Regiments. Dawn started reenacting in 2008 and has one ancestor that fought as Infantry from the 20th Indiana Regiment and later transferred to 1st U.S. Artillery, Co. K at Fredricksburg and fought at East Cavalry Park, Gettysburg, on Final action of the Third Day.

Gun Facts:

  • Class I Ordnance for use as Field (Light) Artillery

  • Replica Smooth Bore Muzzle Loading, Model 1841 12-Pdr. Mountain Howitzer Gun

  • Full Scale Second Model, 1861 2nd Prairie Carriage on 42" wheels

  • Full Scale 30.91" Long Cannon Tube Sub-Bored for to 2" .50 (2 Pdr.) diameter size

  • Maximum Range Shell at 5 Degrees Elevation was 1005 yards

  • Firing Blank Chargers Simulating the following Ordnance:

    • Explosive Spherical (hollow iron ball also called Common) Shell packed with gun powder to set off Fires

    • Explosive Spherical Case (hollow iron ball, also called Shrapnel) Shot packed with 78 .69 cal. anti-personnel lead balls

    • Canister (round tin can cylinder) packed with 148 .69 cal. anti-personnel lead balls

Howitzers were in Battery in the West, or in pairs as a Section of Horse Artillery for Cavalry. Their usefulness was mobility as in "Flying" (Horse) Artillery for rapid Field movement response.

Their original design was for Mountain Service such as General John Fremont had on his expedition to California. Light enough to pack on Mules and Horses and even to carry up to a roof tops and a Church Building Steeple, which was the idea of one 2nd Lt. Ulysses S. Grant at San Cosmé during the Mexican War. it was also employed in the 1862 Union Victory at Glorieta Pass, New Mexico (called "The Gettysburg of the West").

1st US Artillery, Bat. A

Maj. Joey Campbell


1st Sgt. Jesse Barker

(2nd in Command)

Location: Tampa Bay area

Unit Website: 1st US Artillery, Batt. A

Unit History:

  • Stationed at Fortress Moroe, Va., January, 1861.

  • Fort Pickens and Pensacola, Fla., Dept of the South, June, 1961, to September, 1862.

  • Defenses of New Orleans, La., Dept. Gulf, to February, 1863.

  • Artillery, 1st Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. Gulf, to August 1863.

  • Defenses if New Orleans, La., to January, 1864.

  • Artillery, 1st Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. Gulf, to August, 1864.


  • Embarked of Steamer "Brooklyn" for Fort Pickens, Fla., January 24, 1861, arriving in Pensacola Harbor February 6th.

  • Garrison duty at Fort Pickens until May, 1862. Action on Santa Rosa Island October 9, 1861.

  • Bombardment of Forts McRae and Barrancas, Pensacola Harbor, November 22-223, 1861, and January 1, 1862.

  • Capture of Forts McRae and Barrancas May 9.

  • Moved to Pensacola May 13, and duty there until August.

  • Moved to New Orleans, La., August 30 to September 3, and duty in the defenses of that city until January, 1863.

  • Expedition to Bayou Teche January 11-18,.

  • Engagement with Steamer "Cotton" January 14.

  • Moved to Baton Rouge, La.

  • Expedition against Port Hudson March 7-27.

  • Operations in Western Louisiana April 9-May 14.

  • Teche Campaign April 11-20.

  • Fort Bisland, near Centerville.

  • April 12-13, Jeanerette April 14.

  • Vermillion Bayou April 17.

  • Expedition to Alexandria and Simsport May 5-16.

  • Moved to Port Hudson May 18-23.

  • Siege of Port Hudson May 24-July9.

  • Assaults on Port Hudson May 27 and June 14.

  • Surrender of Port Hudson July9.

  • Moved to Donaldsville July 13, thence to Baton Rouge, La., August 2.

  • Sabine Pass (Texas) Expedition September 2-12.

  • Duty at New Orleans, La., until January , 1864.

  • Expedition to Madisonville January 3.

  • Garrision duty at New Orleans until July.

  • Moved to New York July 27-August 3, thence to Washington, D.C.

  • Consolidated with Battery "F", 1st Artillery, and remounted.

  • Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., 22nd Corps, until September, 1865, when resumed separate organization.

3rd Rhode Island Artillery, Bat. A

Capt. Todd Smith


Location: Ft. Pierce, FL


Unit Website:

Unit History: